As we continue to face complex and difficult-to-solve problems such as climate change, social injustice, and a global pandemic, the need for collaboration is more pressing than ever. Multi-stakeholder partnerships (MSPs) are touted as promising mechanisms to tackle these challenges; however, despite their promise, not all partnerships are successful in their collaborative efforts. The presence or absence of individuals with the right mindset to participate in a collaborative leadership process is one common explanation for this.

The purpose of the research presented here is to better understand collaboration in the context of MSPs. Answering the question “Which behaviors foster collaboration and which ones discourage collaboration?” can help us address the question of “How do you effectively participate in the process of collaborative leadership?” In this research, qualitative data were collected and analyzed to reveal behaviors that influence successful collaboration.